Document Detail


Hypoxic Vasospasm Mediated by cIMP : When Soluble Guanylyl Cyclase Turns Bad.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25264755     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In a number of isolated blood vessel types hypoxia causes an acute contraction that is dependent on the presence of nitric oxide (NO) and activation of soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC). It is more pronounced when the preparations are constricted and is therefore termed hypoxic augmentation of vasoconstriction. This hypoxic response is accompanied by increases in the intracellular level of inosine 5'-triphosphate (ITP) and in the synthesis of inosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cIMP) by sGC. The administration of exogenous cIMP or ITP causes augmented vasoconstriction to hypoxia. Furthermore, the vasoconstriction evoked by hypoxia and cIMP is associated with increased activity of Rho kinase (ROCK), indicating that cIMP may mediate the hypoxic effect by sensitizing the myofilaments to Ca via ROCK. Hypoxia is implicated in exaggerated vasoconstriction in the pathogenesis of coronary artery disease, myocardial infarction, hypertension and stroke. The newly found role of cIMP may help to identify unique therapeutic targets for certain cardiovascular disorders.
Authors:
Yuansheng Gao; Zhengju Chen; Leung Sws; Paul M Vanhoutte
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-9-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of cardiovascular pharmacology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1533-4023     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Cardiovasc. Pharmacol.     Publication Date:  2014 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-9-29     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  2014-9-30    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7902492     Medline TA:  J Cardiovasc Pharmacol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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