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Hypoxia regulates cell proliferation and steroidogenesis through protein kinase A signaling in bovine corpus luteum.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22226573     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Hypoxia is an important physiological process which ensures corpus luteum (CL) formation and development, thus playing an important role in steroidogenesis. Recent studies have shown that CL develops in an analogous to tumorigenesis by accumulation of hypoxia-inducible factor-1 alpha subunit (HIF1A) in response to hypoxia. To investigate the relationship among hypoxia, steroidogenesis, and cell proliferation during CL lifespan, histological and steroidogenic analyses of CL were performed at various CL stages in non-pregnant Holstein. Also, the hypoxia-mediated steroidogenesis and cell proliferation were studied in vitro with both primary luteal and luteinized granulosa cells. Our results showed that progesterone (P(4)) concentration increased with the upregulation of steroidogenic protein including steroidogenic acute regulatory protein (STAR) and CYP11A1 (P450scc) in the middle luteal stage. On the other hand, the cell proliferation- or hypoxia-associated proteins were upregulated in the early stage, including the proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA), HIF1A, and aryl hydrocarbon receptor nuclear translocator (ARNT). In primary culture, phospho-protein kinase A (p-PKA) was downregulated, as were P(4) secretion and steroidogenic proteins both under oxygen-conditioned hypoxia in luteal cells and cobalt chloride-induced hypoxia in luteinized granulosa cells. However, under the treatment of hypoxia, PCNA, which was downregulated in luteal cells, was upregulated together with HIF1A and VEGFA in luteinized granulosa cells. Taken together, present study suggested that hypoxia downregulated steroidogenesis through PKA signaling and that the hypoxia-regulated cell proliferation could be activated during CL formation.
Authors:
Yi-Fan Jiang; Kuan-Hao Tsui; Peng-Hui Wang; Cheng-Wei Lin; Jyun-Yuan Wang; Meng-Chieh Hsu; Yi-Chen Chen; Chih-Hsien Chiu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-12-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  Animal reproduction science     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-2232     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-1-9     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7807205     Medline TA:  Anim Reprod Sci     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Laboratory of Animal Physiology, Department of Animal Science and Technology, College of Bio-Resources and Agriculture, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, Taiwan, ROC.
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