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Hypoxia-inducible factor-1 alpha regulates prion protein expression to protect against neuron cell damage.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22036844     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
The human prion protein fragment, PrP (106-126), may contain a majority of the pathological features associated with the infectious scrapie isoform of PrP, known as PrP(Sc). Based on our previous findings that hypoxia protects neuronal cells from PrP (106-126)-induced apoptosis and increases cellular prion protein (PrP(C)) expression, we hypothesized that hypoxia-related genes, including hypoxia-inducible factor-1 alpha (HIF-1α), may regulate PrP(C) expression and that these genes may be involved in prion-related neurodegenerative diseases. Hypoxic conditions are known to elicit cellular responses designed to improve cell survival through adaptive processes. Under normoxic conditions, a deferoxamine-mediated elevation of HIF-1α produced the same effect as hypoxia-inhibited neuron cell death. However, under hypoxic conditions, doxorubicin-suppressed HIF-1α attenuated the inhibitory effect on neuron cell death mediated by PrP (106-126). Knock-down of HIF-1α using lentiviral short hairpin (sh) RNA-induced downregulation of PrP(C) mRNA and protein expression under hypoxic conditions, and sensitized neuron cells to prion peptide-mediated cell death even in hypoxic conditions. In PrP(C) knockout hippocampal neuron cells, hypoxia increased the HIF-1α protein but the cells did not display the inhibitory effect of prion peptide-induced neuron cell death. Adenoviruses expressing the full length Prnp gene (Ad-Prnp) were utilized for overexpression of the Prnp gene in PrP(C) knockout hippocampal neuron cells. Adenoviral transfection of PrP(C) knockout cells with Prnp resulted in the inhibition of prion peptide-mediated cell death in these cells. This is the first report demonstrating that expression of normal PrP(C) is regulated by HIF-1α, and PrP(C) overexpression induced by hypoxia plays a pivotal role in hypoxic inhibition of prion peptide-induced neuron cell death. These results suggest that hypoxia-related genes, including HIF-1α, may be involved in the pathogenesis of prion-related diseases and as such may be a therapeutic target for prion-related neurodegenerative diseases.
Jae-Kyo Jeong; Jae-Suk Seo; Myung-Hee Moon; You-Jin Lee; Jae-Won Seol; Sang-Youel Park
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-10-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neurobiology of aging     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1558-1497     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-10-31     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8100437     Medline TA:  Neurobiol Aging     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Center for Healthcare Technology Development, Korea Zoonoses Research Institute, College of Veterinary Medicine, Chonbuk National University, Jeonju, Jeonbuk, South Korea.
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