Document Detail


Hypoxia decreases exhaled nitric oxide in mountaineers susceptible to high-altitude pulmonary edema.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11179108     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
An exaggerated hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction is essential for development of high-altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE). We hypothesized that susceptibility to HAPE may be related to decreased production of nitric oxide (NO), an endogenous modulator of pulmonary vascular resistance, and that a decrease in exhaled NO could be detected during hypoxic exposure. Therefore, we investigated respiratory tract NO excretion by chemiluminescence and pulmonary artery systolic pressure (Ppa,s) by echocardiography in nine HAPE-susceptible mountaineers and nine HAPE-resistant control subjects during normoxia and acute hypoxia (fraction of inspired oxygen [FI(O2)] = 0.12). The subjects performed oral breathing. Nasally excreted NO was separated from respiratory gas by suction via a nasal mask. In HAPE-susceptible subjects, NO excretion in expired gas significantly decreased (p < 0.05) during hypoxia of 2 h in comparison with normoxia (28 +/- 4 versus 21 +/- 2 nl/min, mean +/- SEM). In contrast, the NO excretion rate of control subjects remained unchanged (31 +/- 6 versus 33 +/- 6 nl/ min, NS). Nasal NO excretion did not differ significantly between groups during normoxia (HAPE-susceptible group, 183 +/- 16 nl/ min; control subjects, 297 +/- 55 nl/min, NS) and was not influenced by hypoxia. The changes in Ppa,s with hypoxia correlated with the percent changes in lower respiratory tract NO excretion (R = -0.49, p = 0.04). Our data provide the first evidence of decreased pulmonary NO production in HAPE-susceptible subjects during acute hypoxia that may contribute among other factors to their enhanced hypoxic pulmonary vascular response.
Authors:
T Busch; P Bärtsch; D Pappert; E Grünig; W Hildebrandt; H Elser; K J Falke; E R Swenson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine     Volume:  163     ISSN:  1073-449X     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med.     Publication Date:  2001 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-02-22     Completed Date:  2001-03-29     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9421642     Medline TA:  Am J Respir Crit Care Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  368-73     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Charité, Campus Virchow-Klinikum, Humboldt-University, Berlin, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Altitude Sickness / physiopathology*
Anoxia / physiopathology*
Breath Tests*
Humans
Lung / blood supply
Male
Middle Aged
Nitric Oxide / physiology*
Pulmonary Edema / physiopathology*
Pulmonary Gas Exchange / physiology
Vasoconstriction / physiology
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
10102-43-9/Nitric Oxide

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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