Document Detail

Hypovitaminosis D, impaired bone turnover and low bone mass are common in patients with peripheral arterial disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15726236     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Hypovitaminosis D is common in patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD). Subsequent secondary hyperparathyroidism and osteomalacia contribute to bone pain and myalgias, and so aggravate clinical symptoms of claudication. We evaluated 95 out of 297 patients with angiographically confirmed PAD stages II (pain in the calves and/or thighs only during exercise) or IV (history of, or presence of local ulcers) and compared them with 44 matched healthy controls regarding their medical history, bone density measurements of the femoral neck and calcaneal bone ultrasound. Bone pain, myalgias and mobility restriction as well as routine laboratory parameters, serum vitamin D [25(OH)D], crosslaps (CTX), parathyroid hormone (PTH), osteocalcin (OC) and alkaline phosphatase (AP) were recorded and analysed. 25(OH)D was significantly lower in PAD IV patients (9.6+/-4.6 ng/ml, P<0.0001) as compared to PAD II stages and controls (19.0+/-7.6 and 19.1+/-9.1 ng/ml), paralleled by lower serum calcium [2.24+/-0.02 mmol/l, P=0.0002 versus PAD II (2.36+/-0.02) and P<0.0001 versus controls (2.39+/-0.02)] and higher iPTH serum levels (66.3+/-3.6 pg/ml, P<0.0001) as compared to PAD II patients (45.3+/-3.5) and healthy controls (38.5+/-2.4). Alkaline phosphatase and serum crosslaps values were significantly higher and age-adjusted bone density and bone ultrasound measurements significantly lower in PAD IV patients, who were also twice as likely to have bone pain and myalgias as PAD II patients. Bone ultrasound measurements correlated significantly with both clinical severity and pain as well as serological parameters of bone metabolism. Underlying PAD has a significant impact on bone density and metabolism as well as on bone and muscular pain. Patients with PAD are at high risk for osteoporosis and osteomalacia and should be regularly monitored and treated for their vitamin D deficiencies.
Astrid Fahrleitner-Pammer; Andrea Obernosterer; Ernst Pilger; Harald Dobnig; Hans Peter Dimai; Georg Leb; Stefan Kudlacek; Barbara M Obermayer-Pietsch
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2004-07-31
Journal Detail:
Title:  Osteoporosis international : a journal established as result of cooperation between the European Foundation for Osteoporosis and the National Osteoporosis Foundation of the USA     Volume:  16     ISSN:  0937-941X     ISO Abbreviation:  Osteoporos Int     Publication Date:  2005 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-02-23     Completed Date:  2005-07-21     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9100105     Medline TA:  Osteoporos Int     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  319-24     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Endocrinology, University Medical Center, Graz, Austria.
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MeSH Terms
Absorptiometry, Photon
Analysis of Variance
Bone Remodeling
Case-Control Studies
Osteomalacia / etiology,  metabolism,  physiopathology
Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal / etiology*,  metabolism,  physiopathology
Peripheral Vascular Diseases / complications*,  metabolism,  physiopathology
Risk Factors
Vitamin D Deficiency / complications*,  metabolism,  physiopathology

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