Document Detail

Hypothermic patients admitted to an intensive care unit: a fifteen year survey.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1611926     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
In the period 1975-1989, 620 (4.5%) of 13,645 patients admitted to the intensive care unit of a Danish university hospital were diagnosed as suffering from hypothermia. The aim of the retrospective survey carried out is to describe this group of patients and to evaluate the methods used for rewarming. The degree of hypothermia was mild in 554 of the patients, moderate in 60, and severe in six. The rewarming method used was passive rewarming with the use of endogenous heat production. Rewarming was established with a median temperature increment of 0.1 to 2.5 degrees centigrade. The mortality rate showed no relationship to the hypothermia. With the exception of extracorporal circulation, the rewarming and mortality rates did not differ from the results shown in studies carried out using active and invasive rewarming procedures. In conclusion, with the exception of extracorporal circulation, rewarming of hypothermic patients by preservation of the endogenous heat production seems as effective as active and invasive rewarming methods.
H K Nielsen; P Toft; J Koch; P K Andersen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Danish medical bulletin     Volume:  39     ISSN:  0907-8916     ISO Abbreviation:  Dan Med Bull     Publication Date:  1992 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-07-30     Completed Date:  1992-07-30     Revised Date:  2009-11-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0066040     Medline TA:  Dan Med Bull     Country:  DENMARK    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  190-3     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, Odense Hospital.
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MeSH Terms
Child, Preschool
Follow-Up Studies
Hot Temperature / therapeutic use*
Hypothermia / epidemiology,  therapy*
Intensive Care Units
Middle Aged
Retrospective Studies

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