Document Detail

Hypothermia in Iranian newborns. Incidence, risk factors and related complications.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16155649     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence rate and factors associated with hypothermia in Iranian newborns and to discover the effect of hypothermia on neonatal morbidity and mortality. METHODS: We selected a random sample of 1952 neonates using a multistage sampling technique from February 2004 to February 2005 in University Teaching Hospitals in Iran. We measured repeatedly at different time points the rectal temperature of these newborns. At each time of measurement, those with rectal temperature <36 degrees C were considered as hypothermic. RESULTS: The obtained results showed that approximately one third of newborns became hypothermic immediately after birth. In addition, the regression analysis revealed that low birth weights, prematures, low apgar scores, infants of multiple pregnancies and those who received cardiopulmonary resuscitation had higher risk for being hypothermic. It was also found that hypothermia increases the risk of metabolic acidosis, jaundice, respiratory distress, hypoglycemia, pulmonary hemorrhage and death, regardless of the newborn's weight and gestational age. CONCLUSION: There is an urgent need to train mothers and all levels of neonatal care staff to control this health problem in our country.
Farid Zayeri; Anoshirvan Kazemnejad; Mojtaba Ganjali; Gholamreza Babaei; Navid Khanafshar; Fatemeh Nayeri
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Saudi medical journal     Volume:  26     ISSN:  0379-5284     ISO Abbreviation:  Saudi Med J     Publication Date:  2005 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-09-12     Completed Date:  2007-09-19     Revised Date:  2008-06-23    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7909441     Medline TA:  Saudi Med J     Country:  Saudi Arabia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1367-71     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Biostatistics, School of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modarres University, Tehran, Iran.
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MeSH Terms
Birth Weight
Body Temperature Regulation / physiology*
Confidence Intervals
Cross-Sectional Studies
Gestational Age
Hospitals, University
Hypothermia / diagnosis*,  epidemiology*
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature*
Iran / epidemiology
Maternal Age
Multicenter Studies as Topic
Odds Ratio
Severity of Illness Index
Sex Distribution
Survival Analysis

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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