Document Detail

Hypotension with ventricular pacing: an atria vasodepressor reflex in human beings.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6470335     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Hypotension with ventricular pacing has generally been attributed to loss of atrial transport, but it has been suggested that atrial vasodepressor reflexes may play a role. To study this, constant rate atrial and ventricular pacing was performed in 20 supine patients 24 to 36 hours after surgical coronary artery bypass or aortic valve replacement. The pulmonary capillary wedge tracing was examined for the presence or absence of cannon A waves during ventricular pacing in each patient. Thirteen patients had cannon A waves (group I) and seven did not (group II). Ten of the 13 patients with cannon A waves had ventriculoatrial conduction compared with only 2 of 7 patients without cannon A waves. There was a nonsignificant trend toward an association between cannon A waves and ventriculoatrial conduction (p = 0.1). Stroke volume index decreased in both groups when patients were changed from atrial to ventricular pacing. In the patients with cannon A waves, stroke volume index decreased from 31.2 to 26.3 cc/min per m2 (p less than 0.001) and from 31.2 to 25.0 cc/min per m2 (p less than 0.001) in those without cannon A waves (group I versus group II, p = NS). However, mean systemic blood pressure decreased only in patients with cannon A waves (99.4 to 85.9 mm Hg [p less than 0.001] versus 101.8 to 100.9 mm Hg [p = NS]) in those without cannon A waves (group I versus group II, p less than 0.001). Hypotension in patients with cannon A waves was caused by inhibition of the normal reflex increase in systemic vascular resistance.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
J A Erlebacher; R L Danner; P E Stelzer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American College of Cardiology     Volume:  4     ISSN:  0735-1097     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  1984 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1984-09-26     Completed Date:  1984-09-26     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8301365     Medline TA:  J Am Coll Cardiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  550-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Atrioventricular Node / physiopathology
Blood Pressure
Cardiac Output*
Cardiac Pacing, Artificial / adverse effects*
Heart Atria / physiopathology
Heart Rate*
Heart Ventricles / physiopathology
Hypotension / etiology*,  physiopathology
Middle Aged
Pulmonary Artery / physiopathology
Stroke Volume*
Vascular Resistance

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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