Document Detail

Hypoplastic left heart syndrome: factors influencing therapeutic choice.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11370399     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Parent's choices among therapeutic options for their infants born with hypoplastic left heart syndrome are difficult and controversial. Currently, management options include surgical reconstruction, cardiac transplantation, and comfort measures only. We retrospectively reviewed medical records of 47 patients (1989-1999) to create a database of clinical features of infants who received either an operation or comfort care only. Eleven families were interviewed by means of a structured questionnaire pertaining to their experience and reasons for their choice. Of the 47, 20 were prenatally diagnosed and nine of these (45%) aborted. The remaining 38 of the 47 were liveborns. Of the 38, 20/38 (53%) chose comfort care only. The other 18 chose operation. Although 17 were able to survive until first stage repair, only 8/17 (47%) survived beyond five months. At the time of last contact (ages one to 4.5 years), 5/17 (29%) remained alive. Over the nine years an increasing proportion of parents chose operative reconstruction; 8/11 (73%) for 1996-99 vs 10/27 (37%) for 1989-1995. Interviewed families who chose comfort care were more likely to believe the rate of survival following operation was poor, quality of life was diminished, and seemed concerned that their infant would suffer. Influence by optimistic physicians at surgical centers seemed important for an operative choice. Most suggested that provision of written materials, professional family counseling, and support groups of hypoplastic left heart syndrome families are or would be helpful.
C Corrow; S Lapuk; K Mazzarella; A Sable; H Leopold; L Eisenfeld
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Connecticut medicine     Volume:  65     ISSN:  0010-6178     ISO Abbreviation:  Conn Med     Publication Date:  2001 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-05-23     Completed Date:  2001-07-12     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372745     Medline TA:  Conn Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  195-203     Citation Subset:  IM    
University of Connecticut School of Medicine, Farmington, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Abortion, Induced
Decision Making
Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome / diagnosis,  therapy*
Infant, Newborn
Palliative Care
Parents / psychology*
Retrospective Studies

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