Document Detail

Hyponatremia in acute decompensated heart failure: mechanisms, prognosis, and treatment options.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21089110     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Hyponatremia is common and is increasingly recognized as an independent prognostic marker that adversely affects morbidity and mortality in various disease states, including heart failure. In acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF), the degree of hyponatremia often parallels the severity of cardiac dysfunction and is further exacerbated by any reduction in glomerular filtration rate and arginine vasopressin dysregulation. A recent study showed that even modest improvement of hyponatremia may have survival benefits. Although management of hyponatremia in ADHF has traditionally focused on improving cardiac function and fluid restriction, the magnitude of improvement of serum sodium is fairly slow and unpredictable. In this article, we discuss the mechanisms of hyponatremia in ADHF, review its evolving prognostic significance, and evaluate the efficacy of various treatments for hyponatremia, including the recently approved vasopressin receptor antagonists for managing hyponatremia among patients hospitalized for ADHF.
Geoffrey T Jao; Jun R Chiong
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical cardiology     Volume:  33     ISSN:  1932-8737     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin Cardiol     Publication Date:  2010 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-11-22     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7903272     Medline TA:  Clin Cardiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  666-71     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Section of General Internal Medicine, Wake Forest University Health Sciences, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston-Salem, North Carolina 27157, USA.
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