Document Detail


Hypoglycemia-occipital syndrome: a specific neurologic syndrome following neonatal hypoglycemia?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20639407     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study attempted to elaborate the existence of a specific neurologic pattern observed in children who experienced neonatal hypoglycemia. Twenty-seven patients with seizure and history of neonatal hypoglycemia were compared with 28 children suffering from idiopathic occipital epilepsy. In both groups the most common type of seizure activities included eye movements and impaired consciousness responding well to treatment; however, ictal vomiting was more common in controls. Subjects were in epileptic and nonepileptic groups. Ninety percent of cases showed abnormal signal of the posterior head region on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). A large number showed posterior abnormalities on electroencephalography (EEG). Visual loss with abnormal visual evoked potential was the most frequent visual finding. Fifty-five percent showed mild psychomotor retardation. This study demonstrates that neonatal hypoglycemia can induce a syndrome with a specific clinical spectrum consisting of epilepsy, visual disturbances, and psychomotor retardation. Hypoglycemia-occipital syndrome is an entity without statistically significant semiologic differences from the idiopathic type.
Authors:
Parvaneh Karimzadeh; Sepideh Tabarestani; Mohammad Ghofrani
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-07-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of child neurology     Volume:  26     ISSN:  1708-8283     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Child Neurol.     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-02-02     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8606714     Medline TA:  J Child Neurol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  152-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Pediatric Neurology Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences (SBMU), Tehran, Iran. pkarimzadeh@yahoo.com, pkarimzadeh@sbmu.ac.ir.
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