Document Detail

Hypochondriasis and fear of death.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12193834     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Although fear of death has been linked to hypochondriasis, the relationship of this fear to the disorder has received little study. To address this deficiency, we administered a fear of death scale along with measures of hypochondriasis, including the Whiteley Index and Somatic Symptom Inventory, to 162 general medical outpatients. Partial correlations, controlling for age, between the fear of death scale and both the Whiteley Index and Somatic Symptom Inventory were strongly positive. A factor analysis of the fear of death scale yielded three dimensions-fear of dying, loss of meaning, and fear of separation-that were also highly correlated with hypochondriasis. Fear of death and hypochondriasis showed comparable relationships to age and gender as well as to personality dimensions measured by the NEO Five-Factor Inventory. Fear of death appears to be an integral part of hypochondriasis. Its presence lends support to three models of hypochondriasis-the perceptual, existential, and interpersonal-that correspond to the dimensions of fear of death.
Russell Noyes; Scott Stuart; Susan L Longley; Douglas R Langbehn; Rachel L Happel
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of nervous and mental disease     Volume:  190     ISSN:  0022-3018     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Nerv. Ment. Dis.     Publication Date:  2002 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-08-23     Completed Date:  2002-09-20     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375402     Medline TA:  J Nerv Ment Dis     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  503-9     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Psychiatry, University of Iowa, College of Medicine, Psychiatry Research, Medical Education Building, Iowa City 52242-1000, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Ambulatory Care
Attitude to Death*
Attitude to Health
Child Abuse / psychology,  statistics & numerical data
Divorce / psychology,  statistics & numerical data
Existentialism / psychology
Health Status
Hypochondriasis / diagnosis*,  psychology
Life Change Events
Middle Aged
Models, Psychological
Personality Inventory / statistics & numerical data
Psychiatric Status Rating Scales / statistics & numerical data
Sex Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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