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Hypocalcemia in the newborn.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20737250     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Hypocalcemia is a frequently observed clinical and laboratory abnormality in neonates. Ionic calcium is crucial for many biochemical processes including blood coagulation, neuromuscular excitability, cell membrane integrity, and many of the cellular enzymatic activities. Healthy term infants undergo a physiological nadir in serum calcium levels by 24-48 h of age. This nadir may drop to hypocalcemic levels in high-risk neonates including infants of diabetic mothers, preterm infants and infants with perinatal asphyxia. The early onset hypocalcemia which presents within 72 h requires treatment with calcium supplementation for at least 72 h. In contrast, late onset hypocalcemia usually presents after 7 days and requires longer term therapy.
Authors:
Ashish Jain; Ramesh Agarwal; M Jeeva Sankar; Ashok Deorari; Vinod K Paul
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-08-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  Indian journal of pediatrics     Volume:  77     ISSN:  0973-7693     ISO Abbreviation:  Indian J Pediatr     Publication Date:  2010 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-10-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0417442     Medline TA:  Indian J Pediatr     Country:  India    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1123-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi, 110029, India.
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