Document Detail

Hypnosis and surgery: past, present, and future.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17456675     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Hypnosis has been defined as the induction of a subjective state in which alterations of perception or memory can be elicited by suggestion. Ever since the first public demonstrations of "animal magnetism" by Mesmer in the 18th century, the use of this psychological tool has fascinated the medical community and public alike. The application of hypnosis to alter pain perception and memory dates back centuries. Yet little progress has been made to fully comprehend or appreciate its potential compared to the pharmacologic advances in anesthesiology. Recently, hypnosis has aroused interest, as hypnosis seems to complement and possibly enhance conscious sedation. Contemporary clinical investigators claim that the combination of analgesia and hypnosis is superior to conventional pharmacologic anesthesia for minor surgical cases, with patients and surgeons responding favorably. Simultaneously, basic research of pain pathways involving the nociceptive flexion reflex and positron emission tomography has yielded objective data regarding the physiologic correlates of hypnosis. In this article I review the history, basic scientific and clinical studies, and modern practical considerations of one of the oldest therapeutical tools: the power of suggestion.
Albrecht H K Wobst
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Anesthesia and analgesia     Volume:  104     ISSN:  1526-7598     ISO Abbreviation:  Anesth. Analg.     Publication Date:  2007 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-04-25     Completed Date:  2007-05-24     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1310650     Medline TA:  Anesth Analg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1199-208     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Anesthesiology, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, Florida 32610-0254, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Hypnosis / methods*
Hypnosis, Anesthetic / methods,  psychology,  trends
Surgical Procedures, Operative / methods*,  psychology,  trends*

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