Document Detail

Hyperventilation in ponies at the onset of and during steady-state exercise.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6408048     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
We studied blood gases in ponies to assess the relationship of alveolar ventilation (VA) to pulmonary CO2 delivery during moderate treadmill exercise. In normal ponies for 1.8, 3, or 6 mph, respectively, partial pressure of CO2 in arterial blood (PaCO2) decreased maximally by 3.1, 4.4, and 5.7 Torr at 30-90 s of exercise and remained below rest by 1.4, 2.3, and 4.5 Torr during steady-state (4-8 min) exercise (P less than 0.01). Partial pressure of O2 in arterial blood (PaO2) and arterial pH, (pHa) also reflected hyperventilation. Mixed venus CO2 partial pressure (PVCO2) decreased 2.3 and 2.9 Torr by 30 s for 3 and 6 mph, respectively (P less than 0.05). In work transitions either from 1.8 to 6 mph or from 6 mph to 1.8 mph, respectively, PaCO2 either decreased 3.8 Torr or increased 3.3 Torr by 45 s of the second work load (P less than 0.01). During exercise in acute (2-4 wk) carotid body denervated (CBD) ponies at 1.8, 3, or 6 mph, respectively, PaCO2 decreased maximally below rest by 9.0, 7.6, and 13.2 Torr at 30-45 s of exercise and remained below rest by 1.3, 2.3, and 7.8 Torr during steady-state (4-8 min) exercise (P less than 0.1). In the chronic (1-2 yr) CBD ponies, the hypocapnia was generally greater than normal but less than in the acute CBD ponies. We conclude that in the pony 1) VA is not tightly matched to pulmonary CO2 delivery during exercise, particularly during transitional states, 2) the exercise hyperpnea is not mediated by PaCO2 or PVCO2, and 3) during transitional states in the normal pony, the carotid bodies attenuate VA drive thereby reducing arterial hypocapnia.
L G Pan; H V Forster; G E Bisgard; R P Kaminski; S M Dorsey; M A Busch
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of applied physiology: respiratory, environmental and exercise physiology     Volume:  54     ISSN:  0161-7567     ISO Abbreviation:  J Appl Physiol Respir Environ Exerc Physiol     Publication Date:  1983 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1983-08-11     Completed Date:  1983-08-11     Revised Date:  2013-09-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7801242     Medline TA:  J Appl Physiol Respir Environ Exerc Physiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1394-402     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
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MeSH Terms
Blood Gas Analysis
Carbon Dioxide / blood
Carotid Body / physiopathology
Hyperventilation / physiopathology*
Lung Volume Measurements
Oxygen / blood
Partial Pressure
Physical Exertion*
Pulmonary Gas Exchange*
Grant Support
25739//PHS HHS
Reg. No./Substance:
124-38-9/Carbon Dioxide; 7782-44-7/Oxygen

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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