Document Detail

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is associated with more severe left ventricular dyssynchrony than is hypertensive left ventricular hypertrophy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17651095     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate left ventricular (LV) dyssynchrony in patients with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), and to compare abnormalities associated with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) and hypertensive heart disease (HHD) using 2D speckle tracking imaging. METHODS: Basal, middle, and apical 2D LV short-axis images were acquired in 43 patients with LVH including 20 with HCM and 23 with HHD, and in 15 age-matched controls. Radial strain, circumferential strain, time interval from the R-wave to peak radial strain (Trs), and time to peak circumferential strain (Tcs) were measured in six equidistant segments at each level of the 3 LV short-axis views using 2D speckle tracking analysis. To assess LV dyssynchrony, Trs(cs)-18SD, the standard deviation (SD) of Trs(cs) in all 18 segments, was calculated. RESULTS: Regional radial strain in the middle and apical short-axis segments was significantly less in patients with HCM than in those with HHD. Regional circumferential strain in the apical short-axis segments was also less in HCM. Trs-18SD and Tcs-18SD were significantly longer in patients with HCM than in age-matched controls and patients with HHD (Trs-18SD: HCM: 88 +/- 32 ms, HHD: 51 +/- 20 ms, control: 45 +/- 12 ms P < 0.001, Tcs-18SD: HCM: 71 +/- 27 ms, HHD: 46 +/- 14 ms, control: 45 +/- 14 ms P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The presence of LVH is thus not always associated with LV dyssynchrony. However, the greater reduction of regional strain and severe LV dyssynchrony in HCM may contribute to the adverse cardiovascular outcomes associated with this disease.
Toshiki Nagakura; Masaaki Takeuchi; Hidetoshi Yoshitani; Hiromi Nakai; Tomoko Nishikage; Michiko Kokumai; Shinichiro Otani; Minoru Yoshiyama; Junichi Yoshikawa
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Echocardiography (Mount Kisco, N.Y.)     Volume:  24     ISSN:  0742-2822     ISO Abbreviation:  Echocardiography     Publication Date:  2007 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-07-26     Completed Date:  2007-10-19     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8511187     Medline TA:  Echocardiography     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  677-84     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Cardiology and Internal Medicine, Tane General Hospital, Osaka, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic / epidemiology*,  ultrasonography
Hypertension / epidemiology*,  ultrasonography
Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular / epidemiology*,  ultrasonography
Japan / epidemiology
Middle Aged
Risk Assessment / methods*
Risk Factors
Severity of Illness Index
Ventricular Dysfunction, Left / epidemiology*,  ultrasonography

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