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Hypertension and vascular calcification: a vicious cycle?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22871891     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
It is now well established that hypertension is accompanied by remodeling of the arterial wall with significant modifications in extracellular matrix composition and in vascular cell phenotype. Some of these changes, particularly elastin fragments generation, increased proteases activity and activation of transforming growth factor-β signaling together with deposition of collagen and proteoglycans might generate a permissive soil for vascular calcification. On the other hand, calcium deposits within large arterial conduits can reduce vessel's elasticity and contribute to the generation of blood pressure pattern associated with vascular stiffness, namely isolated systolic hypertension. Hence, a hypothetical vicious cycle exists between hypertensive arterial damage and vascular calcification. Herein, we revised clinical and basic science findings supporting this possibility.
Authors:
Marcello Rattazzi; Elisa Bertacco; Massimo Puato; Elisabetta Faggin; Paolo Pauletto
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-8-4
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of hypertension     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1473-5598     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Hypertens.     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-8-8     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8306882     Medline TA:  J Hypertens     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Medicine, University of Padova, Treviso, Italy.
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