Document Detail

Hypertension: trends in prevalence, incidence, and control.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16533126     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Hypertension is the leading cause of cardiovascular disease worldwide. Prior to 1990, population data suggest that hypertension prevalence was decreasing; however, recent data suggest that it is again on the rise. In 1999-2002, 28.6% of the U.S. population had hypertension. Hypertension prevalence has also been increasing in other countries, and an estimated 972 million people in the world are suffering from this problem. Incidence rates of hypertension range between 3% and 18%, depending on the age, gender, ethnicity, and body size of the population studied. Despite advances in hypertension treatment, control rates continue to be suboptimal. Only about one third of all hypertensives are controlled in the United States. Programs that improve hypertension control rates and prevent hypertension are urgently needed.
Ihab Hajjar; Jane Morley Kotchen; Theodore A Kotchen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annual review of public health     Volume:  27     ISSN:  0163-7525     ISO Abbreviation:  Annu Rev Public Health     Publication Date:  2006  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-03-14     Completed Date:  2006-06-09     Revised Date:  2006-10-13    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8006431     Medline TA:  Annu Rev Public Health     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  465-90     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School and Hebrew Senior Life, 1200 Centre St., Boston, Massachusetts 02131, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Health Services Needs and Demand
Health Surveys
Hypertension / epidemiology*,  prevention & control*
Preventive Health Services
United States / epidemiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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