Document Detail

Hypertension and sickness absence: the role of perceived symptoms.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9415857     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The association between perceived symptoms and absenteeism was examined in five groups of employed adults: normotensives, unaware hypertensives, aware and untreated hypertensives, aware and treated hypertensives, and falsely aware normotensives. Aware hypertensives (untreated and treated) and falsely aware normotensives had a higher average of perceived symptoms than normotensives, whereas unaware hypertensives had lower. The absenteeism rate across the groups showed a similar pattern. A significant interaction of perceived symptoms by study group on absenteeism was uncovered. Hypertensives and falsely aware normotensives who reported a low level of symptoms were not absent more than their normotensive counterparts. However, aware hypertensives and falsely aware normotensives who perceived a high symptoms level showed higher absenteeism than unaware hypertensives and normotensives with a similar level. This suggests that aware hypertensives have a greater tendency than both normotensives and unaware hypertensives to equate their symptoms with ill health and to act accordingly. Special attention should be directed to aware hypertensives who perceive a threat to their health.
S Melamed; P Froom; M S Green
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of behavioral medicine     Volume:  20     ISSN:  0160-7715     ISO Abbreviation:  J Behav Med     Publication Date:  1997 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-02-05     Completed Date:  1998-02-05     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7807105     Medline TA:  J Behav Med     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  473-87     Citation Subset:  IM    
Occupational Health and Rehabilitation Institute, Loewenstein Hospital, Raanana, Israel.
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MeSH Terms
Analysis of Variance
Attitude to Health*
Hypertension / psychology*
Middle Aged
Self Concept
Sick Leave*

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