Document Detail


Hypertension overrides the protective effect of female hormones on the development of aortic aneurysm secondary to Alk5 deficiency via ERK Activation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25398982     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The prevalence of aortic aneurysm is five times higher in men than women among the general population. Similar sexual dimorphism also exists in syndromic aortic aneurysms triggered by TGF-β signaling disorders. To understand the responsible mechanisms, we developed an animal model where inducible deletion of the type I TGF-β receptor, Alk5, specifically in smooth muscle cells (Alk5(iko)) causes spontaneous aortic aneurysm formation. This model recapitulated an extreme scenario of the dimorphism in aortic aneurysm development between genders. In a comparative experiment, all Alk5(iko) males (n=42) developed aortic aneurysms and 26% of them died prematurely from aortic rupture. In contrast, the Alk5(iko) females (n=14) presented only a subclinical phenotype characteristic of scarcely scattered elastin breaks. Removal of male hormones via orchiectomy (n=7) resulted in only minimal influence on aortic pathology. However, reduction of female hormones via ovariectomy (n=15) increased the phenotypic penetrance from zero to 53%. Finally, an elevation of systolic blood pressure by 30 points unmasked the subclinical phenotype of Alk5(iko) females (n=17) to 59%. This exaggerated phenotypic penetrance was coupled with an early intensification of ERK signaling, a molecular signature that correlated to 100% phenotypic penetrance in normotensive Alk5(iko) males. In conclusion, aortic aneurysm induced by Alk5(iko) exhibits dimorphic incidence between genders with females less susceptible to aortic disease. This sexual dimorphism is partially the result from the protective effects of female hormones. Hypertension, a known risk factor for aortic aneurysm, is able to break the female sex protective effects through mechanisms associated with enhanced ERK activity.
Authors:
Bradley M Schmit; Pu Yang; Chunhua Fu; Kenneth DeSart; Scott A Berceli; Zhihua Jiang
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-11-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of physiology. Heart and circulatory physiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1522-1539     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Physiol. Heart Circ. Physiol.     Publication Date:  2014 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-11-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  2014-11-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100901228     Medline TA:  Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  ajpheart.00521.2014     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014, American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology.
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