Document Detail

Hypertension in pregnancy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24477794     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy represent the second commonest cause of direct maternal death and complicate an estimated 5-10 % of pregnancies. Classification systems aim to separate hypertension similar to that seen outside pregnancy (chronic and gestational hypertension) from the potentially fatal pregnancy-specific conditions. Preeclampsia, HELLP syndrome, and eclampsia represent increasing severities of this disease spectrum. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists' 2013 guidelines no longer require proteinuria as a diagnostic criterion, because of its variable appearance in the disease spectrum. The cause involves inadequate cytotrophoblastic invasion of the myometrium, resulting in placental hypoperfusion and diffuse maternal endothelial dysfunction. Changes in angiogenic and antiangiogentic peptide profiles precede the onset of clinical preeclampsia. Women with preeclampsia should be closely monitored and receive magnesium sulfate intravenously if severe features, HELLP syndrome, or eclampsia occur. Definitive therapy is delivery of the fetus. Hypertension in pregnancy increases future maternal risk of hypertension and cardiovascular disorders.
Amanda R Vest; Leslie S Cho
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Current atherosclerosis reports     Volume:  16     ISSN:  1534-6242     ISO Abbreviation:  Curr Atheroscler Rep     Publication Date:  2014 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-01-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100897685     Medline TA:  Curr Atheroscler Rep     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  395     Citation Subset:  IM    
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