Document Detail


Hypertension in infancy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8417399     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Hypertension in infants is rare and requires a thorough evaluation. The incidence of hypertension in infancy has risen in recent years, reflecting both better monitoring methods and increasingly successful salvage of smaller and smaller newborns. Overall mortality and morbidity rates for uncontrolled hypertension in infants are unknown. With appropriate treatment, the prognosis for resolution of hypertension is good. In most cases, hypertension is short-lived and blood pressures return to normal even when medication is discontinued. Recent experience with improved antihypertensive agents in infancy has meant that nephrectomy for renovascular hypertension is rarely required. There is still much to learn about the indications for treatment of elevated blood pressures in infancy and the potential adverse effects of therapy. Infants with a history of neonatal hypertension should be followed closely because the long-term prognosis is not known and recurrence of hypertension remains a possibility. Because hypertension can develop in high-risk newborns following discharge from the nursery, these infants deserve routine blood pressure measurements as part of their outpatient follow-up.
Authors:
M M Goble
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatric clinics of North America     Volume:  40     ISSN:  0031-3955     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatr. Clin. North Am.     Publication Date:  1993 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1993-01-26     Completed Date:  1993-01-26     Revised Date:  2005-11-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401126     Medline TA:  Pediatr Clin North Am     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  105-22     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Medical College of Virginia, Richmond.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Humans
Hypertension* / diagnosis,  epidemiology,  etiology,  therapy
Incidence
Infant
Prognosis

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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