Document Detail

Hypertension in the hemodialysis population: any relation to one-year survival?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9158213     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Few studies have quantified the effect of hypertension on survival in the hemodialysis population. We report the effect of hypertension on 1-year survival in 649 hemodialysis patients (89% black). In univariate analysis, hypertension was associated with improved 1-year survival (relative risk [RR], 0.48; P = 0.002 compared with normotensive patients). This effect of hypertension was mostly caused by the associated antihypertensive treatment because untreated hypertensive patients had survival rates equal to normotensive patients (RR, 0.87; P = 0.70). On the other hand, treated hypertensive patients fared better than normotensive patients (RR, 0.41; P = 0.0006). This was also true in multivariate analysis, in which antihypertensive treatment was associated with reduced RR (RR, 0.55; P = 0.02) whereas the level of blood pressure per se was insignificant (RR, 0.99; P = 0.63 per 1 mm Hg increase in predialysis mean arterial pressure). Other factors of significance in multivariate analysis included age (RR, 1.03/y; P = 0.0004), serum albumin (RR, 0.38/g; P = 0.002), and diabetes mellitus (RR, 1.58; P = 0.06). Our study suggests that antihypertensive treatment has a favorable effect on survival in the hemodialysis population irrespective of the level of blood pressure control.
M M Salem; J Bower
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of kidney diseases : the official journal of the National Kidney Foundation     Volume:  28     ISSN:  0272-6386     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Kidney Dis.     Publication Date:  1996 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-06-09     Completed Date:  1997-06-09     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8110075     Medline TA:  Am J Kidney Dis     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  737-40     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Medicine, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson 39216, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Antihypertensive Agents / therapeutic use
Follow-Up Studies
Hypertension / drug therapy,  mortality*
Kidney Failure, Chronic / mortality*,  therapy*
Middle Aged
Multivariate Analysis
Proportional Hazards Models
Renal Dialysis / mortality*
Risk Factors
Survival Analysis
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Antihypertensive Agents
Comment In:
Am J Kidney Dis. 1997 May;29(5):811-2   [PMID:  9159321 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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