Document Detail

Hypertension in the elderly.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19765488     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Hypertension is an important risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, particularly in the elderly. Blood pressure elevation in the elderly is due to structural and functional changes that occur with aging. Treatment of hypertension reduces the risk of stroke, heart failure, myocardial infarction, all-cause mortality, cognitive impairment, and dementia in elderly patients with hypertension. A healthy lifestyle helps hypertension management, with benefits extending beyond lowering of blood pressure. Several classes of antihypertensive drugs are effective in preventing cardiovascular events. Treatment decisions should be guided by the presence of compelling indications such as diabetes or heart failure and by the tolerability of individual drugs or drug combinations in individual patients. The concomitant intake of certain medications that counter the effects of antihypertensive drugs and the frequent occurrence of orthostatic hypotension complicate treatment in older patients and drive down blood pressure control rates.
Maria Czarina Acelajado; Suzanne Oparil
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinics in geriatric medicine     Volume:  25     ISSN:  1879-8853     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin. Geriatr. Med.     Publication Date:  2009 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-09-21     Completed Date:  2010-01-12     Revised Date:  2013-05-02    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8603766     Medline TA:  Clin Geriatr Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  391-412     Citation Subset:  IM    
Vascular Biology and Hypertension Program of Division of Cardiovascular Disease, Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Antihypertensive Agents / therapeutic use*
Blood Pressure / physiology*
Exercise Therapy / methods*
Hypertension* / epidemiology,  physiopathology,  therapy
Life Style
Risk Factors
Survival Rate
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Antihypertensive Agents

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