Document Detail


Hypertension in the black community of the Cape Peninsula, South Africa.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8997869     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Hypertension prevalence, treatment status and factors relating to high blood pressure were determined in an urban black community of the Cape Peninsula, South Africa. A study population of 986 subjects aged 15-64 years was randomly selected. Blood pressure, height, weight and serum cholesterol levels were measured, while demographic information, personal and family history relating to hypertension and attendance of health services were determined by questionnaire. Overall 9.2% of males and 12.9% of females were hypertensive according to WHO criteria. Blood pressures between 160/95 and 140/90 mmHg were found in 10% of males and 10.5% of females. The treatment status of hypertensives showed that 24.3% had a blood pressure below 160/95 mmHg, and 16% below 140/90 mmHg. Hypertensives used more alcohol and were more overweight than normotensives. Multiple logistic regression revealed that hypertension was independently related to age, being overweight and more urbanised. The degree of urbanisation also predicted to what extent hypertension prevalence increases with age. This black population had low hypertension rates compared with other similar groups in South Africa. These data suggest that as rural blacks increasingly undergo urbanisation, hypertension prevalence increases. Necessary diagnostic and treatment regimens and hypertension services are not yet in place in the South African health services, and need to be established.
Authors:
K Steyn; J Fourie; C Lombard; J Katzenellenbogen; L Bourne; P Jooste
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  East African medical journal     Volume:  73     ISSN:  0012-835X     ISO Abbreviation:  East Afr Med J     Publication Date:  1996 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-02-13     Completed Date:  1997-02-13     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372766     Medline TA:  East Afr Med J     Country:  KENYA    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  758-63     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Programme for Chronic Diseases of Lifestyle, Medical Research Council, Tygerberg, South Africa.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
African Americans*
African Continental Ancestry Group*
Case-Control Studies
Female
Humans
Hypertension / ethnology*,  genetics*,  therapy
Middle Aged
Patient Acceptance of Health Care
Population Surveillance
Prevalence
Questionnaires
Risk Factors
South Africa / epidemiology
Urban Health*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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