Document Detail


Hypertension in the developing world: challenges and opportunities.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19962803     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Hypertension is a major public health problem and a leading cause of death and disability in developing countries. One-quarter of the world's adult population has hypertension, and this is likely to increase to 29% by 2025. Modeled projections indicate an increase to 1.15 billion hypertensive patients by 2025 in developing countries. There is variability in the global prevalence of hypertension: hypertension is present in approximately 35% of the Latin American population, 20%-30% of the Chinese and Indian population, and approximately 14% in Sub-Saharan African countries. This heterogeneity has been attributed to several factors, including urbanization with its associated changes in lifestyle, racial ethnic differences, nutritional status, and birth weight. Compounding this high burden of hypertension is a lack of awareness and insufficient treatment in those with hypertension. The public health response to this challenge should drive greater promotion of awareness efforts, studies of risk factors for hypertension, and understanding of the impact of lifestyle changes. Also important are efforts to develop multipronged strategies for hypertension management in developing nations.
Authors:
Bharati V Mittal; Ajay K Singh
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review     Date:  2009-12-05
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of kidney diseases : the official journal of the National Kidney Foundation     Volume:  55     ISSN:  1523-6838     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Kidney Dis.     Publication Date:  2010 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-03-01     Completed Date:  2010-03-29     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8110075     Medline TA:  Am J Kidney Dis     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  590-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2010 National Kidney Foundation, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Renal Division, Brigham & Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School Dubai Center Institute of Postgraduate Education and Research, Dubai, UAE.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Developing Countries
Humans
Hypertension / epidemiology*,  prevention & control
Practice Guidelines as Topic
Prevalence
World Health

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