Document Detail

Hypertension and cerebrovascular disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10645696     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Cerebrovascular disease (CVD) is the third leading cause of death in United States and hypertension is a leading cause of both stroke and heart disease. It may cause headache, acute hypertensive encephalopathy, dementia and various types of strokes e.g., thrombotic, haemorrhagic, lacunar infarcts and transient ischaemic attacks. It remains the singlemost important treatable risk factor for stroke in all age groups and modern antihypertensive therapy has its documented prevention of stroke. Hypertension in acute phase of ischaemic stroke should not be treated. Hypertension in acute stroke should be treated. In advanced centres with specialised stroke units, the favoured drugs are short acting vasodilators e.g., sodium nitroprusside and labetalol. Nifedipine is the most popular drug followed by captopril, both sublingually and orally.
B C Bansal; A K Agarwal; B B Rewari
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the Indian Medical Association     Volume:  97     ISSN:  0019-5847     ISO Abbreviation:  J Indian Med Assoc     Publication Date:  1999 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-02-04     Completed Date:  2000-02-04     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7505608     Medline TA:  J Indian Med Assoc     Country:  INDIA    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  226-32     Citation Subset:  IM    
Escorts Heart Institute & Research Centre and Mool-chand Hospital, New Delhi.
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MeSH Terms
Antihypertensive Agents / therapeutic use
Cerebrovascular Disorders / drug therapy,  etiology*,  prevention & control
Hypertension / complications*,  drug therapy
Middle Aged
Practice Guidelines as Topic
Prospective Studies
Risk Factors
Stroke / etiology,  prevention & control
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Antihypertensive Agents

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