Document Detail


Hypertension and blood pressure among meat eaters, fish eaters, vegetarians and vegans in EPIC-Oxford.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12372158     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To compare the prevalence of self-reported hypertension and mean systolic and diastolic blood pressures in four diet groups (meat eaters, fish eaters, vegetarians and vegans) and to investigate dietary and other lifestyle factors that might account for any differences observed between the groups. DESIGN: Analysis of cross-sectional data from participants in the Oxford cohort of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC-Oxford). SETTING: United Kingdom. SUBJECTS: Eleven thousand and four British men and women aged 20-78 years at blood pressure measurement. RESULTS: The age-adjusted prevalence of self-reported hypertension was significantly different between the four diet groups, ranging from 15.0% in male meat eaters to 5.8% in male vegans, and from 12.1% in female meat eaters to 7.7% in female vegans, with fish eaters and vegetarians having similar and intermediate prevalences. Mean systolic and diastolic blood pressures were significantly different between the four diet groups, with meat eaters having the highest values and vegans the lowest values. The differences in age-adjusted mean blood pressure between meat eaters and vegans among participants with no self-reported hypertension were 4.2 and 2.6 mmHg systolic and 2.8 and 1.7 mmHg diastolic for men and women, respectively. Much of the variation was attributable to differences in body mass index between the diet groups. CONCLUSIONS: Non-meat eaters, especially vegans, have a lower prevalence of hypertension and lower systolic and diastolic blood pressures than meat eaters, largely because of differences in body mass index.
Authors:
Paul N Appleby; Gwyneth K Davey; Timothy J Key
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Public health nutrition     Volume:  5     ISSN:  1368-9800     ISO Abbreviation:  Public Health Nutr     Publication Date:  2002 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-10-09     Completed Date:  2003-02-06     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9808463     Medline TA:  Public Health Nutr     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  645-54     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Cancer Research UK, Epidemiology Unit, University of Oxford, Gibson Building, The Radcliffe Infirmary, UK. Paul.Appleby@cancer.org.uk
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Animals
Blood Pressure / physiology*
Body Mass Index
Cohort Studies
Cross-Sectional Studies
Diet*
Diet, Vegetarian
Female
Great Britain / epidemiology
Humans
Hypertension / epidemiology*,  etiology
Life Style
Male
Meat
Middle Aged
Prevalence
Prospective Studies
Seafood

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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