Document Detail

Hypertension and CKD.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21896377     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Hypertension is found in more than 50% of pediatric patients with CKD. However, its prevalence varies according to the cause of CKD. It is relatively infrequent in children with structural disorders. Acquired renal disorders are associated with an increased prevalence of hypertension, similar to that of adults. Recent studies using ambulatory blood pressure monitoring indicate that children with CKD also have a high prevalence of masked hypertension. Similar to adults, long-standing and uncontrolled hypertension in children is associated with the progression of CKD and development of end-organ damage including early cardiomyopathy and premature atherosclerosis. Aggressive treatment of hypertension should be an essential part of pediatric CKD care, not just to prevent the development of symptomatic cardiovascular disease but also to delay progression of CKD. Recent findings from the European Effect of Strict Blood Pressure Control and ACE Inhibition on Progression of Chronic Renal Failure in Pediatric Patients (ESCAPE) trial have shown that the aggressive treatment of blood pressure, to below the 50th percentile, has even greater benefit in children with CKD, unlike results seen in adult studies.
Rene G VanDeVoorde; Mark M Mitsnefes
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Advances in chronic kidney disease     Volume:  18     ISSN:  1548-5609     ISO Abbreviation:  Adv Chronic Kidney Dis     Publication Date:  2011 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-09-07     Completed Date:  2012-01-18     Revised Date:  2013-08-23    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101209214     Medline TA:  Adv Chronic Kidney Dis     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  355-61     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 National Kidney Foundation, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, OH 45229-3039, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Antihypertensive Agents / therapeutic use
Atherosclerosis / etiology
Cardiomyopathies / etiology
Clinical Trials as Topic
Disease Progression
Hypertension / drug therapy,  epidemiology,  etiology,  physiopathology*
Renal Insufficiency, Chronic / complications,  epidemiology,  physiopathology*
Risk Factors
Grant Support
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Antihypertensive Agents

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