Document Detail

Hypersensitivity reactions to teniposide (VM-26): an analysis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3525769     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
An analysis of hypersensitivity reactions to teniposide was approached using three methods: investigator survey, adverse drug reaction analysis, and literature search. By the survey method, hypersensitivity incidence was 6.5% with the majority of the reactions (82%) occurring in brain tumor or neuroblastoma patients. By the second method, 43 cases of hypersensitivity that were reported to the National Cancer Institute (NCI) between January 1983 and October 1985 were analyzed in detail. Reaction onset was unpredictable according to the number of drug doses. The majority of the patients (65%) experiencing the reaction had neuroblastoma or brain tumors, and these patients also tended to react earlier in the course of drug administration than those with hematologic malignancies. Clinical presentation was not correlated with the patient's diagnosis. All patients recovered. However, only six of 13 were successfully rechallenged with the drug. The third approach, the literature search, provided information on 82 hypersensitivity reactions among 2,250 patients (3.6% incidence). Forty-five percent of these reactions were linked to neuroblastoma or brain tumor patients. The analysis of hypersensitivity to teniposide by these three methods provides insight into the true incidence of hypersensitivity reactions in the general patient population. The frequency of the reactions is substantially higher in patients with neuroblastoma and brain tumors. This population should be considered for future trials of aggressive prophylactic therapy.
P J O'Dwyer; S A King; C L Fortner; B Leyland-Jones
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Bibliography; Case Reports; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology     Volume:  4     ISSN:  0732-183X     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Clin. Oncol.     Publication Date:  1986 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1986-09-17     Completed Date:  1986-09-17     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8309333     Medline TA:  J Clin Oncol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1262-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Bibliography as Topic
Blood Pressure / drug effects
Brain Neoplasms / drug therapy
Child, Preschool
Data Collection / methods
Drug Evaluation
Drug Hypersensitivity*
Edema / chemically induced
Hypersensitivity, Immediate / chemically induced*
Leukemia / drug therapy
Middle Aged
Neuroblastoma / drug therapy
Podophyllotoxin / analogs & derivatives*
Teniposide / adverse effects*
Urticaria / chemically induced
Reg. No./Substance:
29767-20-2/Teniposide; 518-28-5/Podophyllotoxin

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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