Document Detail

Hypernatremia. Its significance in pediatric practice.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  13869686     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Hypernatremic dehydration is a fairly common and potentially very dangerous illness in infants and children. It occurs during the course of a wide variety of illnesses. Predisposing factors include central nervous system diseases, decreased fluid intake, increased fluid losses from hyperventilation, perspiring, diarrhea and emesis, increased aldosterone output (contributing to sodium retention), the infant's high obligatory renal water loss and the practice of feeding infants fluids with a comparatively high solute content. If the attending physician is aware of the predisposing factors and makes an early diagnosis and then rehydrates the patient slowly using solutions which contain some salt, the outcome will most likely be favorable. Even though the brain appears to be damaged during rehydration, the patient may make a complete recovery if proper supportive measures are instituted.
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  California medicine     Volume:  95     ISSN:  0008-1264     ISO Abbreviation:  Calif Med     Publication Date:  1961 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1962-12-01     Completed Date:  1998-11-01     Revised Date:  2009-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0410260     Medline TA:  Calif Med     Country:  Not Available    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  219-23     Citation Subset:  OM    
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MeSH Terms
Sodium / blood*
Reg. No./Substance:

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