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Hypermethylation of HIC1 Promoter and Aberrant Expression of HIC1/SIRT1 Might Contribute to the Carcinogenesis of Pancreatic Cancer.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22552606     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: DNA hypermethylation is proved to be involved in carcinogenesis. Because chronic pancreatitis (CP) is a consistent risk factor for pancreatic cancer, the possible alteration and tumor contribute effects of hypermethylated in cancer-1 (HIC1) promoter methylation in CP was investigated. METHODS: Methylation of HIC1 promoter HIC1 and SIRT1 expression were detected in human normal pancreas (NP), CP and pancreatic adenocarcinoma tissues. Furthermore, HIC1/SIRT1 pathway was regulated by demethylating reagent and exogenous expression in PANC-1, BxPC-3 and AsPC-1 cell lines, cell biology behavior including proliferation, apoptosis, cell cycle and senescence were detected. RESULTS: The methylation of HIC1 promoter was demonstrated in 70.3 % pancreatic carcinoma (45 of 64), 47.5 % CP (19 of 40) and 11.4 % NP tissues (4 of 35). Moreover, hypermethylation of HIC1 promoter and deregulation of HIC1 expression in pancreatic cancer were significantly related to high-stage tumor and older patient age. HIC1 promoter hypermethylation was also observed in pancreatic cancer cell lines including PANC-1, BxPC-3 and AsPC-1. Restoration of HIC1 function with 5-aza-dC treatment or pCDNA3FlagHIC1 plasmid transfection leaded to a reduction in cell proliferation, obvious cell senescence, cell cycle arrest and apoptosis, accompanied with acetylated p53 and p21(WAF1 of Cip1) upregulation. While after further transfected with pCDNA3FlagSIRT1 plasmid, the growth inhibition, senescence and cycle arrest without apoptosis were partially rescued with deregulated acetylated p53 and p21(WAF1 of Cip1). CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate that hypermethylation of HIC1 promoter in CP may contribute to the aberrant expression of HIC1/SIRT1 pathway and then involve in the pancreatic carcinogenesis.
Authors:
Gang Zhao; Qi Qin; Jungang Zhang; Yang Liu; Shichang Deng; Lin Liu; Bo Wang; Kui Tian; Chunyou Wang
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-5-3
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals of surgical oncology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1534-4681     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-5-3     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9420840     Medline TA:  Ann Surg Oncol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Pancreatic Disease Institute, Union Hospital, Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China, zhaogang1427@gmail.com.
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