Document Detail

Hyperelastic remodeling in the intrauterine growth restricted (IUGR) carotid artery in the near-term fetus.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23332229     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
A constitutive model for a fiber reinforced hyperelastic material was applied to understand arterial fiber remodeling in a sheep model of Intrauterine Growth Restriction (IUGR). IUGR is associated altered hemodynamics characterized by increased resistance to blood flow in the placenta and elevated fetal arterial pressure and pulsatility. The constitutive model describes the collagen contribution to the mechanics within the arterial wall in both control and IUGR carotid artery through defining the material modulus and the orientation of the microstructure. A sheep model of placental insufficiency induced IUGR (PI-IUGR) was created by exposure of the pregnant ewe to elevated ambient temperatures. Experimental data was collected using pressure-diameter measurements to measure passive compliance in control and PI-IUGR carotid arteries. The constitutive model was optimized to fit the experimental data predicting the material parameters. Specifically, the collagen fiber predicted angle (γ) in the control artery was 49.9° from the circumferential axis while the PI-IUGR was 16.6° with a 23.5% increase in fiber orientation (κ). Quantitative assessment of collagen fiber orientation in secondary harmonic generation images confirmed the shift in orientation between the two groups. Together these suggest vascular remodeling of the ECM fiber orientation plays a major role in arterial stiffening in the PI-IUGR near-term fetal sheep.
R Blair Dodson; Paul J Rozance; Esther Reina-Romo; Virginia L Ferguson; Kendall S Hunter
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of biomechanics     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-2380     ISO Abbreviation:  J Biomech     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0157375     Medline TA:  J Biomech     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309, USA. Electronic address:
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From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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