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Hyperactivation of constitutively dimerized oncogenic EGF receptors by autocrine loops.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22751127     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
The epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor (EGFR) has a key role in normal embryonic development, adult tissue homeostasis and many pathological processes, in particular tumour formation. Aberrant EGFR activation occurs in many cancer types, and inhibition of this receptor is a promising anti-tumour strategy. Besides overexpression of the wild-type receptor, mutated oncogenic EGFR variants are often associated with malignant transformation. In human non-small-cell lung cancers, kinase mutants of the EGFR are rather common. Human glioblastoma often express the truncated EGFRvIII version as well as other dimerized and permanently activated mutants of the receptor, which are considered as tumour drivers. Similarly, the mutated and dimerized EGFR variant Xiphophorus melanoma receptor kinase (Xmrk) is causative for the development of malignant pigment cell tumours in medaka and Xiphophorus melanoma models. It is generally believed that oncogenic receptors that are active due to dimerizing mutations are ligand independent. Here, we show that different EGFR variants from fish and human efficiently induce autocrine loops by inducing EGFR ligands such as amphiregulin and HB-EGF. Importantly, the pre-dimerized oncogenic EGFR versions Xmrk from Xiphophorus and human EGFR(C600F), though already active in absence of ligands, respond to ligand stimulation with enhanced oncogenic signalling. In summary, our data show that autocrine or paracrine loops are still acting on pre-dimerized oncogenic EGFRs and contribute to their pro-tumorigenic signalling.Oncogene advance online publication, 2 July 2012; doi:10.1038/onc.2012.267.
J A G C Laisney; T D Mueller; M Schartl; S Meierjohann
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-7-02
Journal Detail:
Title:  Oncogene     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1476-5594     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-7-3     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8711562     Medline TA:  Oncogene     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Physiological Chemistry I, Biocenter, University of Wuerzburg, Wuerzburg, Germany.
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