Document Detail

Hygiene status of rural communities in the Eastern Cape of South Africa.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16854674     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
A descriptive study was conducted to determine hygiene status of rural communities in the Eastern Cape, South Africa, using a purposive sample of 145 villagers: 71 male and 74 female. Participants were divided into 14 groups (by community) and group interviews were conducted with them. Communities neither had enough water (92.9%) nor treated drinking water (71.4%); sizeable numbers did not store drinking water safely; threw waste water away (92.9%) and solid waste in the rubbish pit (78.6%); where there are no toilets, they relieved themselves in the veld; children <12 years generally did not use toilets (71.4%). Communities washed hands after changing baby's nappy (78.6%), before handling food (57.1%), before eating (50.0%), after a visit to the toilet (92.9%), after touching animals (57.1%) and when they wake up (92.9%); and did not take a full body wash daily (71.4%). The results have implications for policy-makers, programme planners, academics and practitioners in the field.
Nancy Phaswana-Mafuya
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of environmental health research     Volume:  16     ISSN:  0960-3123     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Environ Health Res     Publication Date:  2006 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-07-20     Completed Date:  2006-10-03     Revised Date:  2009-08-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9106628     Medline TA:  Int J Environ Health Res     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  289-303     Citation Subset:  IM    
Human Sciences Research Council, Cape Town, South Africa.
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MeSH Terms
Health Behavior*
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Policy Making
Rural Population*
Sanitation / methods*,  standards
South Africa
Water Supply*

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