Document Detail

Hydrotropic magnetic micelles for combined magnetic resonance imaging and cancer therapy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22543013     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Polymeric nanoparticles, capable of encapsulating imaging agents and therapeutic drugs, have significant advantages for simultaneous diagnosis and therapy. Nonetheless, improvements in the loading contents of the active agents are needed to achieve enhanced imaging and effective therapeutic outcomes. Aiming to make these improvements, a hydrotropic micelle (HM) was explored to encapsulate superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) as the magnetic resonance (MR) imaging agent and paclitaxel (PTX) as the hydrophobic anticancer drug. Owing to its hydrotropic inner core with hydrophobic nature, HM could effectively encapsulate both of PTX and SPION via the simple dialysis method. The hydrodynamic size of HM increased from 68 to 178nm after physical encapsulation of SPION and PTX. Transmission electron microscopy analysis of HM bearing SPION and PTX (HM-SPION-PTX) revealed a spherical morphology with SPION clusters in the micelle cores. The micelles released PTX in a sustained manner. The bare HM and HM-SPION showed no toxicity to SCC7 cells, whereas HM-PTX and HM-SPION-PTX showed dose-dependent cytotoxicity that was lower than free PTX. HM-SPION-PTX exhibited 8.1-fold higher T(2) relaxivity than HM-SPION, implying potential of HM-SPION-PTX as the contrast agent for MR imaging. When systemically administered to tumor-bearing mice, HM-SPION-PTX was effectively accumulated at the tumor site, allowing its detection using MR imaging and effective therapy. Overall, these results suggested that HM-SPION-PTX is a promising candidate for combined diagnosis and treatment of cancer.
Hong Yeol Yoon; Gurusamy Saravanakumar; Roun Heo; Seung Hong Choi; In Chan Song; Moon Hee Han; Kwangmeyung Kim; Jae Hyung Park; Kuiwon Choi; Ick Chan Kwon; Kinam Park
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-4-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of controlled release : official journal of the Controlled Release Society     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-4995     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-4-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8607908     Medline TA:  J Control Release     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, Graduate School of Health Sciences and Technology, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440-746, Republic of Korea; Center for Theragnosis, Biomedical Research Institute, Korea Institute of Science and Technology, Seoul 136-791, Republic of Korea.
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