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Hydrogen chromate PVC matrix membrane sensor for potentiometric determination of chromium(III) and chromium(VI) ions.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18966550     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A novel potentiometric Cr(6+) PVC matrix membrane sensor incorporating nickel tris(1,10-bathophenanthroline) hydrogen chromate as an electroactive material and 2-nitrophenyl phenyl ether as solvent mediator is described. In a phosphate buffer solution of pH 5, the sensor displays a rapid and linear response for Cr(6-) over the concentration range 2 x 10(-2)-8 x 10(-6) M with an anionic slope of 55.5 +/- 0.2 mV decade(-1) and a detection limit of the order of 0.4 microg ml(-1). The sensor is used for sequential determination of Cr(6+) and Cr(3+) by direct monitoring of Cr(6+) followed by oxidation of Cr(3+) and measurement of the total chromium. The average recoveries of Cr(3+) and Cr(6+) at concentration levels of 0.5-50 microg ml(-1) are 98.1 +/- 0.4% and 99.1 +/- 0.4% respectively. Redox and precipitation titrations involving Cr(6+) as a titrant are monitored with the sensor. Cr(3+) and/or Cr(6+) in wastewaters of some industries (e.g., leather tanning, electroplating, aluminum painting) and the chromium contents of some alloys and refractory bricks are assessed. The results agree fairly well with data obtained using the standard diphenylcarbazide spectrophotometric method.
Authors:
S S Hassan; M N Abbas; G A Moustafa
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Talanta     Volume:  43     ISSN:  0039-9140     ISO Abbreviation:  Talanta     Publication Date:  1996 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-10-30     Completed Date:  2009-12-16     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2984816R     Medline TA:  Talanta     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  797-804     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt.
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From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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