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Hydrogen peroxide metabolism in soybean embryonic axes at the onset of germination.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16665958     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Hydrogen peroxide steady state levels of 5 micromolar were determined in soybean (Glycine max) embryonic axes incubated for 2 hours and in axes pretreated with aminotriazole or cyanide, where these levels were 50 and 1 micromolar, respectively. The activities of catalase (105 picomoles H(2)O(2) per minute per axis), peroxidase (10-44 picomoles H(2)O(2) per minute per axis), glutathione peroxidase (3 picomoles H(2)O(2) per minute per axis) and superoxide dismutase (3.5 units per axis), were also determined. Catalase seems to be the most important H(2)O(2) consuming enzyme at the physiological concentration of H(2)O(2). A short treatment with aminotriazole, while substantially increasing H(2)O(2) level, did not affect the growth of the axes. The production of superoxide anion by the mitochondria isolated from soybean axes was measured from the superoxide dismutase-sensitive rate of adrenochrome formation in the presence of NADH or succinate as substrate and amounted to 1.3 and 0.8 nanomole O(2) (-) per minute per milligram protein, respectively. According to the stoichiometry of O(2) (-) and H(2)O(2) dismutation reactions, it is apparent that about 0.9 to 1.5% of the total oxygen uptake proceeds through the formation of the free intermediates of the partial reduction of oxygen.
Authors:
S Puntarulo; R A Sánchez; A Boveris
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Plant physiology     Volume:  86     ISSN:  0032-0889     ISO Abbreviation:  Plant Physiol.     Publication Date:  1988 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-06-29     Completed Date:  2010-06-29     Revised Date:  2010-09-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401224     Medline TA:  Plant Physiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  626-30     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Instituto de Química y Fisicoquímica Biológicas, Facultad de Farmacia y Bioquímica, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Junín 956, 1113 Buenos Aires, Argentina.
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