Document Detail

Hydrofluoric acid releases in 17 states and the acute health effects associated, 1993-2001.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15167399     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Hydrofluoric (HF) acid is 1 of the strongest and most corrosive acids known. Human exposure commonly occurs from occupational releases and can result in severe injuries and death. Data from the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry's Hazardous Substances Emergency Events Surveillance (HSEES) system were used to conduct a descriptive analysis on the acute health effects of HF acid exposure. Of the total HSEES events (n = 49,106), HF acid releases occurred in 0.3% of events (n = 134). HF acid events were 2 times more likely to involve injuries when compared with other acid events and 3 times more likely when compared with nonacid events. Employees such as those in trucking services, petroleum refining, and chemical manufacturing need to understand the dangers of HF acid and should have the appropriate personal protective equipment available to prevent exposure.
D Kevin Horton; Zahava Berkowitz; Wendy E Kaye
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of occupational and environmental medicine / American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine     Volume:  46     ISSN:  1076-2752     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Occup. Environ. Med.     Publication Date:  2004 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-05-28     Completed Date:  2004-08-09     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9504688     Medline TA:  J Occup Environ Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  501-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Division of Health Studies/Epidemiology and Surveillance Branch, Atlanta, Georgia, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Environmental Exposure / statistics & numerical data
Hydrofluoric Acid* / adverse effects
Occupational Exposure / statistics & numerical data*
Public Health
United States
Reg. No./Substance:
7664-39-3/Hydrofluoric Acid

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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