Document Detail

Hydrofluoric acid exposure: a case report and review on the clinical presentation and management.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23010832     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Exposure to hydrofluoric acid can cause severe skin damage via both corrosive and chemical means. Dermatologists should be aware of the various clinical presentations and knowledgeable of how to manage such patients. A case of a man with exposure of the hands after use of a consumer product containing hydrofluoric acid is presented. The presentation may vary depending on the concentration and duration of exposure. Patients experiencing exposure are at risk of serious complications, including death, resulting from electrolyte abnormalities. Information regarding the source of exposure will allow the physician to better predict the patient's course. The use of immediate flushing with water and the use of topical calcium gluconate can prevent extensive damage to the area of exposure and potentially fatal complications that may occur. More extensive burns may necessitate more invasive therapies. The treatment and the management and monitoring of such cases will allow for more optimal outcomes.
Matthew Strausburg; Jeffrey Travers; Nico Mousdicas
Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Dermatitis : contact, atopic, occupational, drug     Volume:  23     ISSN:  1710-3568     ISO Abbreviation:  Dermatitis     Publication Date:    2012 Sep-Oct
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-09-26     Completed Date:  2013-05-09     Revised Date:  2013-08-30    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101207335     Medline TA:  Dermatitis     Country:  Canada    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  231-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Analgesics / therapeutic use
Burns, Chemical / diagnosis,  drug therapy*,  etiology,  physiopathology*
Calcium Gluconate / therapeutic use*
Household Products / adverse effects
Hydrofluoric Acid / adverse effects*
Middle Aged
Product Labeling
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Analgesics; 299-28-5/Calcium Gluconate; 7664-39-3/Hydrofluoric Acid

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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