Document Detail

Hydrocephalus secondary to intracranial hemorrhage in premature infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  991666     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Premature (low birth weight) infants are particularly susceptible to intracranial hemorrhage. This frequently arises from the subependymal area and may dissect into the brain or into the ventricles. If the infant survives, hydrocephalus is a frequent sequela. Because of major improvements in the care of premature infants in recent years and the proliferation of intensive care nurseries, increasing numbers of low birth weight infants are surviving and developing hydrocephalus. Seven cases are described of infants who developed hydrocephalus following intracranial bleeding. Initially, ventricular and lumbar punctures were done to attempt to control head growth but this was unsuccessful. Two were treated with temporary external ventriculostomy which did not permanently control the hydrocephalus. Definitive treatment included ventriculo-atrial shunts using an expandable 'telescopic' cardiac catheter in two and ventriculoperitoneal shunts in five. The pathogenesis and management of the condition are discussed.
B L Wise; R Ballard
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Child's brain     Volume:  2     ISSN:  0302-2803     ISO Abbreviation:  Childs Brain     Publication Date:  1976  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1977-01-29     Completed Date:  1977-01-29     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7505428     Medline TA:  Childs Brain     Country:  SWITZERLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  234-41     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Cerebral Hemorrhage / complications*
Cerebrospinal Fluid Shunts / methods
Child, Preschool
Hydrocephalus / etiology*,  surgery
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature, Diseases* / surgery

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