Document Detail

Hydrazinonicotinamide prolongs quantum dot circulation and reduces reticuloendothelial system clearance by suppressing opsonization and phagocyte engulfment.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23149806     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
In this study, we investigated the effects of hydrazinonicotinamide (HYNIC)-a bifunctional crosslinker widely used to (99m)Tc radiolabel protein and nanoparticles for imaging studies-on quantum dot opsonization, macrophage engulfment and in vivo kinetics. In streptavidin-coated quantum dots (SA-QDots), conjugation with HYNIC increased the net negative charge without affecting the zeta potential. Confocal microscopy and fluorescence-activated cell sorting showed HYNIC attachment to suppress SA-QDot engulfment by macrophages. Furthermore, HYNIC conjugation suppressed surface opsonization by serum protein including IgG. When intravenously injected into mice, HYNIC conjugation significantly prolonged the circulation of SA-QDots and reduced their hepatosplenic uptake. Diminished reticuloendothelial system clearance of SA-QDots and aminoPEG-QDots by HYNIC conjugation was also demonstrated by in vivo and ex vivo optical imaging. The effects of HYNIC on the opsonization, phagocytosis and in vivo kinetics of quantum dots were reversed by removal of the hydrazine component from HYNIC. Thus, surface functionalization with HYNIC can improve the in vivo kinetics of quantum dots by reducing phagocytosis via suppression of surface opsonization.
Kyung-Ho Jung; Jin Won Park; Jin-Young Paik; Eun Jeong Lee; Yearn Seong Choe; Kyung-Han Lee
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nanotechnology     Volume:  23     ISSN:  1361-6528     ISO Abbreviation:  Nanotechnology     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101241272     Medline TA:  Nanotechnology     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  495102     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Nuclear Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. Samsung Biomedical Research Institute, Seoul, Korea.
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