Document Detail

Human teratogens: Update 2010.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21213294     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
A wide variety of human teratogens have been identified. The characteristics of human teratogens can be used in the assessment of apparent "new" teratogens, when postulated. Information is available through online databases, such as TERIS and Reprotox, telephone-based counseling resources (e.g., Organization of Teratogen Information Systems [OTIS] and European Network Teratology Information Services [ENTIS]), reference books, annual meetings of the Teratology Society, and published articles. There are significant deficiencies in the information available: (1) lack of knowledge about the molecular and cellular basis for most teratogenic effects; (2) the inability to genetically identify more susceptible women before pregnancy; (3) little information is available on dermal and airborne exposures during pregnancy; and (4) most clinicians receive little, if any, training in the identification of or counseling for exposure to potential teratogens. There are many current dilemmas in counseling about exposures in pregnancy, including: (1) Is exposure to specific drugs, such as selected serotonin re-uptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and the inhibitors of tumor necrosis factor-alpha, teratogenic in the first trimester of pregnancy? (2) Are the increased risks of birth defects associated with assisted reproductive technology due, in part, to epigenetic effects? (3) What are the "safe" levels of exposure to the plasticizers phthalates during pregnancy? (4) How do we convince busy physicians, nurses, and pharmacists not to use the drug categories A, B, C, D, and X in counseling and to use more accurate sources? There is a need for a national advisory center for pregnancy registries to provide guidance when new registries are being developed. Birth Defects Research (Part A), 2011. © 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Lewis B Holmes
Related Documents :
21206144 - The influence of assisted reproductive technology on women with pregnancy-induced hyper...
15495704 - Evaluation of korean newborns with the brazelton neonatal behavioral assessment scale.
1854264 - The effect of dose on maternal-foetal transfer of fluoride in rabbits.
16487204 - Telomere length in small-for-gestational-age babies.
11570334 - Ngo initiatives in risk reduction: an overview.
7844214 - Beta 2-glycoprotein i-dependent and -independent anticardiolipin antibodies in healthy ...
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-1-6
Journal Detail:
Title:  Birth defects research. Part A, Clinical and molecular teratology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1542-0760     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-1-7     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101155107     Medline TA:  Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Genetics Unit, Massachusetts General Hospital for Children, and Department of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Impact of a tailored patient preference intervention in adherence to 5-aminosalicylic acid medicatio...
Next Document:  Expression of N-methyl D-aspartate receptor subunits in amoeboid microglia mediates production of ni...