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Human spermatozoa vitrified in the absence of permeable cryoprotectants: birth of two healthy babies.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22281078     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Herein, we report the birth of two healthy babies to a woman following intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) using motile spermatozoa vitrified without permeable cryoprotectants. Spermatozoa (in a case of oligoasthenoteratozoospermia) were cooled in cut standard straws in human tubal fluid supplemented with 0.5% human serum albumin and 0.25M sucrose. Sperm motility, capacitation-like changes, acrosome reaction and mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) were compared in fresh and vitrified spermatozoa. Eight mature (MII) oocytes were microinjected with the vitrified-warmed motile spermatozoa. Although the motility of vitrified-warmed spermatozoa was markedly lower than that of fresh spermatozoa (60% v. 90%, respectively), there were no immediate visible differences in the percentages of capacitated and acrosome-reacted vitrified and fresh spermatozoa (10% v. 8% and 5% v. 8%, respectively). However, the MMP in vitrified spermatozoa was apparently adversely affected in the ejaculate used for ICSI compared with fresh spermatozoa (63% v. 96% spermatozoa with high MMP). Eighteen hours later, six oocytes showed signs of normal fertilisation. Two-pronuclear oocytes were cultured in vitro for 24h and two four-blastomere embryos were transferred. Two healthy girls were born at term. Our findings suggest that permeable cryoprotectant-free vitrification can be applied successfully for some procedures in assisted reproduction, in particular in ICSI with motile vitrified spermatozoa, to achieve normal pregnancy and birth.
Vladimir Isachenko; Evgenia Isachenko; Anna M Petrunkina; Raul Sanchez
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Reproduction, fertility, and development     Volume:  24     ISSN:  1031-3613     ISO Abbreviation:  Reprod. Fertil. Dev.     Publication Date:  2012 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-01-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8907465     Medline TA:  Reprod Fertil Dev     Country:  Australia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  323-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University Women Hospital, Kerpener Str. 34, 50931 Cologne, Germany.
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