Document Detail

Human responses to pulmonary arterial hypertension: review of the literature.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20714240     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a devastating disease characterized by elevation in pulmonary artery pressures causing progressive symptoms that lead to functional decline and poor quality of life. There are multiple causes of PAH including familial disease, connective tissue disease, and HIV. The estimated life expectancy is 4 years after onset of symptoms and approximately 6 to 7 years with PAH treatment. Much of the current research has focused on pharmacological treatments to improve functional status and decrease mortality. A comprehensive literature review was conducted using the CINAHL, PubMed, and MEDLINE to identify and synthesize current studies on human responses to PAH organized by emotional responses and physical functioning. Eight studies fulfilled the search criteria. Patients with PAH were learning to cope and live with uncertainty and treatment. Pulmonary arterial hypertension produced the emotional responses of anxiety, depression, and panic attacks along with impairments in cognition and memory as well as reductions in physical functioning.
Lea Ann Matura; Diane L Carroll
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of cardiovascular nursing     Volume:  25     ISSN:  1550-5049     ISO Abbreviation:  J Cardiovasc Nurs     Publication Date:    2010 Sep-Oct
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-08-17     Completed Date:  2010-12-08     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8703516     Medline TA:  J Cardiovasc Nurs     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  420-7     Citation Subset:  IM; N    
School of Nursing, Northeastern University, Boston, MA, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Anxiety / psychology
Cognition / physiology
Depression / psychology
Disability Evaluation
Health Status
Hypertension, Pulmonary / physiopathology*,  psychology*
Memory / physiology
Panic Disorder / psychology
Quality of Life

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