Document Detail

Human and rat bile acid-CoA:amino acid N-acyltransferase are liver-specific peroxisomal enzymes: implications for intracellular bile salt transport.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17256745     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Bile acid-coenzyme A:amino acid N-acyltransferase (BAAT) is the sole enzyme responsible for conjugation of primary and secondary bile acids to taurine and glycine. Previous studies indicate a peroxisomal location of BAAT in peroxisomes with variable amounts up to 95% detected in cytosolic fractions. The absence or presence of a cytosolic pool of BAAT has important implications for the intracellular transport of unconjugated/deconjugated bile salts. We used immunofluorescence microscopy and digitonin permeabilization assays to determine the subcellular location of endogenous BAAT in primary human and rat hepatocytes. In addition, green fluorescent protein (GFP)-tagged rat Baat (rBaat) and human BAAT (hBAAT) were transiently expressed in primary rat hepatocytes and human fibroblasts. Catalase and recombinant GFP-SKL and DsRed-SKL were used as peroxisomal markers. Endogenous hBAAT and rBaat were found to specifically localize to peroxisomes in human and rat hepatocytes, respectively. No significant cytosolic fraction was detected for either protein. GFP-tagged hBAAT and rBaat were efficiently sorted to peroxisomes of primary rat hepatocytes. Significant amounts of GFP-tagged hBAAT or rBaat were detected in the cytosol only when coexpressed with DsRed-SKL, suggesting that hBAAT/rBaat and DsRed-SKL compete for the same peroxisomal import machinery. When expressed in fibroblasts, GFP-tagged hBAAT localized to the cytosol, confirming earlier observations. Conclusion: hBAAT and rBaat are peroxisomal enzymes present in undetectable amounts in the cytosol. Unconjugated or deconjugated bile salts returning to the liver need to shuttle through the peroxisome before reentering the enterohepatic circulation.
Antonella Pellicoro; Fiona A J van den Heuvel; Mariska Geuken; Han Moshage; Peter L M Jansen; Klaas Nico Faber
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Hepatology (Baltimore, Md.)     Volume:  45     ISSN:  0270-9139     ISO Abbreviation:  Hepatology     Publication Date:  2007 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-03-16     Completed Date:  2007-03-29     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8302946     Medline TA:  Hepatology     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  340-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.
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MeSH Terms
Acyltransferases / analysis,  metabolism*
Bile Acids and Salts / metabolism*
Biological Transport
Cells, Cultured
Cytosol / enzymology
Fluorescent Dyes
Hepatocytes / enzymology
Liver / enzymology*
Microscopy, Fluorescence
Peroxisomes / enzymology*
Rats, Wistar
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Bile Acids and Salts; 0/Fluorescent Dyes; EC 2.3.-/Acyltransferases; EC 2.3.1.-/bile acid-CoA amino acid N-acyltransferase

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