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Human pyrroline-5-carboxylate reductase (PYCR1) acts on Δ(1)-piperideine-6-carboxylate generating L-pipecolic acid.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24431009     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We have conducted biochemical studies with commercial available pyrroline-5-carboxylate (P5C) reductase (PYCR1) to investigate whether this enzyme plays a role in L-lysine degradation. Our recent studies with antiquitin/ALDH7A1 deficient fibroblasts revealed an alternative genesis of L-pipecolic acid, and we then hypothesized that PYCR1 was responsible for the conversion of Δ(1)-piperideine-6-carboxylate (P6C) into pipecolic acid. We here present evidence that PYCR1 is indeed able to produce L-pipecolic acid from P6C preparations, and the observed K m for this conversion is of the same magnitude as the K m described for the conversion of P5C to L-proline by PYCR1. Urine samples from antiquitin deficient individuals, who accumulate P6C, were also incubated with PYCR1 which resulted in a marked decrease of P6C and a huge increase of L-pipecolic acid as measured by LC-MS/MS, confirming that indeed PYCR1 generates L-pipecolic acid from P6C.
Authors:
Eduard A Struys; Erwin E W Jansen; Gajja S Salomons
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-1-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of inherited metabolic disease     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1573-2665     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Inherit. Metab. Dis.     Publication Date:  2014 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-1-16     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7910918     Medline TA:  J Inherit Metab Dis     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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