Document Detail


Human pulmonary infections with bovine and atypical mycobacteria in Lagos, Nigeria.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3534283     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A total of 2784 cases with persistent symptoms of lower respiratory tract infections were seen in four of the chest clinics in Lagos between January and June of 1983. Of these, 668 were randomly selected and screened for pulmonary tuberculosis. Repeated sputum samples from the 668 patients were cultured on Lowenstein-Jenseen slopes and 102 pure mycobacterial isolates were obtained. The isolates were differentiated into tubercle bacilli, bovine or atypical mycobacteria on the basis of results obtained from nine identification tests. Of the 102 mycobacterial isolates obtained, 87 (85%) were identified as Mycobacterium tuberculosis, four (4%) as M. bovis and 11 (11%) as atypical mycobacteria. Among this atypical group, six were classified as M. avium, four as M. kansasii and one as M. fortuitum. The study showed the involvement of bovine and atypical mycobacteria in pulmonary infections in Lagos. Tuberculosis-like diseases produced by some of the atypical group are resistant to most of the conventionally used anti-tuberculosis drugs. The need for adequate bacteriological analysis in current-day diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis is therefore highlighted since the 11 atypical cases seen in this study would otherwise have been diagnosed and treated as cases of classical tuberculosis.
Authors:
E O Idigbe; C E Anyiwo; D I Onwujekwe
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of tropical medicine and hygiene     Volume:  89     ISSN:  0022-5304     ISO Abbreviation:  J Trop Med Hyg     Publication Date:  1986 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1986-12-18     Completed Date:  1986-12-18     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0406044     Medline TA:  J Trop Med Hyg     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  143-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Child
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Mycobacterium / classification,  isolation & purification
Mycobacterium Infections / epidemiology*
Mycobacterium Infections, Atypical / epidemiology*
Mycobacterium bovis / isolation & purification
Nigeria
Sputum / microbiology
Tuberculosis, Pulmonary / epidemiology*

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