Document Detail


Human muscle metabolism during sprint running.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3733627     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Biopsy samples were obtained from vastus lateralis of eight female subjects before and after a maximal 30-s sprint on a nonmotorized treadmill and were analyzed for glycogen, phosphagens, and glycolytic intermediates. Peak power output averaged 534.4 +/- 85.0 W and was decreased by 50 +/- 10% at the end of the sprint. Glycogen, phosphocreatine, and ATP were decreased by 25, 64, and 37%, respectively. The glycolytic intermediates above phosphofructokinase increased approximately 13-fold, whereas fructose 1,6-diphosphate and triose phosphates only increased 4- and 2-fold. Muscle pyruvate and lactate were increased 19 and 29 times. After 3 min recovery, blood pH was decreased by 0.24 units and plasma epinephrine and norepinephrine increased from 0.3 +/- 0.2 nmol/l and 2.7 +/- 0.8 nmol/l at rest to 1.3 +/- 0.8 nmol/l and 11.7 +/- 6.6 nmol/l. A significant correlation was found between the changes in plasma catecholamines and estimated ATP production from glycolysis (norepinephrine, glycolysis r = 0.78, P less than 0.05; epinephrine, glycolysis r = 0.75, P less than 0.05) and between postexercise capillary lactate and muscle lactate concentrations (r = 0.82, P less than 0.05). The study demonstrated that a significant reduction in ATP occurs during maximal dynamic exercise in humans. The marked metabolic changes caused by the treadmill sprint and its close simulation of free running makes it a valuable test for examining the factors that limit performance and the etiology of fatigue during brief maximal exercise.
Authors:
M E Cheetham; L H Boobis; S Brooks; C Williams
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985)     Volume:  61     ISSN:  8750-7587     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Appl. Physiol.     Publication Date:  1986 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1986-09-17     Completed Date:  1986-09-17     Revised Date:  2013-09-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8502536     Medline TA:  J Appl Physiol (1985)     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  54-60     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Blood / metabolism
Blood Glucose / metabolism
Blood Volume
Epinephrine / blood
Female
Humans
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Lactates / blood
Muscles / metabolism*
Norepinephrine / blood
Physical Exertion*
Running
Time Factors
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Blood Glucose; 0/Lactates; 51-41-2/Norepinephrine; 51-43-4/Epinephrine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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