Document Detail

Human milk supplementation. Delivery of energy, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, copper, and zinc.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3348189     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Human milk when fed to preterm infants is frequently supplemented with human milk fortifiers that provide an additional source of protein, energy, and minerals. Human milk that was provided by the mother of a preterm infant, and that was supplemented with commercially available human milk fortifiers, was assessed under simulated syringe-pump and bolus feeding circumstances for the delivery of energy, calcium, phosphorus, copper, magnesium, and zinc to an infant. In general, the nutrients were not completely delivered with syringe-pump feedings, with the greatest losses occurring in the concentrations of calcium and phosphorus. The losses were more pronounced with the use of a powdered fortifier than with the use of a liquid fortifier. Little or no change in the concentrations of the various nutrients were observed with simulated bolus feeding. We suggest that human milk fortified with supplements be fed with care to assure complete delivery of the nutrients and that infants receiving such feedings be monitored to assure adequate nutritional status.
J Bhatia; D K Rassin
Related Documents :
22094489 - Decreased survival in necrotizing enterocolitis is significantly associated with neonat...
21234389 - Mortality in extremely low-birth-weight neonates in méxico city (1985-2009).
9638609 - Mercury in human colostrum and early breast milk. its dependence on dental amalgam and ...
22110699 - Cord blood glutathione depletion in preterm infants: correlation with maternal cysteine...
19774349 - Zinc and copper concentrations in human preterm milk.
17224259 - Cultivation-independent assessment of the bacterial diversity of breast milk among heal...
7113949 - Growth and bone mineralization of normal breast-fed infants and the effects of lactatio...
22562869 - Gut microbial colonisation in premature neonates predicts neonatal sepsis.
18375849 - Cuticular hydrocarbons as queen adoption cues in the invasive argentine ant.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of diseases of children (1960)     Volume:  142     ISSN:  0002-922X     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Dis. Child.     Publication Date:  1988 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1988-04-19     Completed Date:  1988-04-19     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370471     Medline TA:  Am J Dis Child     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  445-7     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Pediatrics, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston 77550.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Calcium / analysis
Copper / analysis
Energy Intake
Food, Fortified
Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena*
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature*
Magnesium / analysis
Milk, Human / analysis*
Phosphorus / analysis
Zinc / analysis
Reg. No./Substance:
7439-95-4/Magnesium; 7440-50-8/Copper; 7440-66-6/Zinc; 7440-70-2/Calcium; 7723-14-0/Phosphorus

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Kawasaki syndrome clusters in Harris County, Texas, and eastern North Carolina. A high endemic rate ...
Next Document:  The symptom index: a clinically important parameter of ambulatory 24-hour esophageal pH monitoring.